Here, James shares his views on landscape approaches.
In the first part of the presentation, James shows why terminology branding (vast list of landscape approaches synonyms) is likely doing more harm than good by impairing delivering a coherent message from the research to policymakers and practitioners. Similarly, he shows why integrated landscape approaches are more easily characterized than defined and discusses landscape approaches’ core aims, principles, and components while identifying the most critical implementation barriers.
In the second part, we gain more knowledge of where landscape approaches are taking place and discuss the lack of peer-reviewed evidence on landscape approaches’ effectiveness. Then, the potentiality and downfalls of engaging key stakeholders, including the private sector, are discussed. Finally, James invites us to reflect on the next steps and the role of the CGIAR in operationalizing landscape approaches.
Enjoy and find below the references mentioned during the presentation:
Landscape approaches principles:
Sayer, J., Sunderland, T., Ghazoul, J., Pfund, J.-L., Sheil, D., Meijaard, E., Venter, M., Boedhihartono, A. K., Day, M., Garcia, C., van Oosten, C., & Buck, L. E. (2013). Ten principles for a landscape approach to reconciling agriculture, conservation, and other competing land uses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(21), 8349–8356. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1210595110
Barriers to implementing landscape approaches
Reed, J., Van Vianen, J., Deakin, E. L., Barlow, J., & Sunderland, T. (2016). Integrated landscape approaches to managing social and environmental issues in the tropics: learning from the past to guide the future. Global Change Biology, 22(7), 2540–2554. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13284
Reed, J., Ickowitz, A., Chervier, C., Djoudi, H., Moombe, K., Ros-Tonen, M., Yanou, M., Yuliani, L., & Sunderland, T. (2020). Integrated landscape approaches in the tropics: A brief stock-take. Land Use Policy, 99(June), 104822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104822
Reed, J., Deakin, L., & Sunderland, T. (2015). What are “Integrated Landscape Approaches” and how effectively have they been implemented in the tropics: A systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence, 4(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2382-4-2
A typology for integrated landscape approaches:
Carmenta, R., Coomes, D. A., DeClerck, F. A. J., Hart, A. K., Harvey, C. A., Milder, J., Reed, J., Vira, B., & Estrada-Carmona, N. (2020). Characterizing and Evaluating Integrated Landscape Initiatives. One Earth, 2(2), 174–187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.01.009
Where Landscape approaches are happening:
Reed, J., Vianen, J. Van, Barlow, J., & Sunderland, T. (2017). Have integrated landscape approaches reconciled societal and environmental issues in the tropics ? Land Use Policy, 63(January), 481–492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.02.021
Estrada-Carmona, N., Hart, A. K., DeClerck, F. A. J., Harvey, C. A., & Milder, J. C. (2014). Integrated landscape management for agriculture, rural livelihoods, and ecosystem conservation: An assessment of experience from Latin America and the Caribbean. Landscape and Urban Planning, 129, 1–11.
Zanzanaini, C., Tran, B. T., Singh, C., Hart, A., Milder, J., & Declerck, F. A. J. (2017). Integrated landscape initiatives for agriculture , livelihoods and ecosystem conservation : An assessment of experiences from South and Southeast Asia. Landscape and Urban Planning, 165, 11–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.03.010
Milder, J. C., Hart, A. K., Dobie, P., Minai, J., & Zaleski, C. (2014). Integrated Landscape Initiatives for African Agriculture, Development, and Conservation: A Region-Wide Assessment. World Development, 54, 68–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.07.006
García-Martín, M., Bieling, C., Hart, A., & Plieninger, T. (2016). Integrated landscape initiatives in Europe: Multi-sector collaboration in multi-functional landscapes. Land Use Policy, 58, 43–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.07.001